Latin America

Kennedy McK.
        The Carribean is a combination of various Islands. Located in the North Atlantic Ocean between Central America and Mexico. The Caribbean major islands include: Cuba, the Bahamas, Haiti, Guadelupe, the Dominican Republic, Dominica, Barbados, Aruba, Jamaica, Grenada, and Puerto Rico, Sint Martin, Antigua, Anguila, Curaco, Montinique, and  Monserat.

Foundations to 600 CE

5 themes
Interaction between humans and environment
Arawaks populated the island and made their home. the eruption of a volcano forced the islands inhabitants to evacuate the island.
Development and interaction of cultures
After the Arawaks arrived and re-populated the island the Caribs followed shortly after exterminating the arawaks and making martinique their home.
State builing, Expansion, and Conflict
A volcano erupted and caused the evacuation of all inhabitants of martinique
Arawaks were attacked by the Caribs and extinguished.
Creation and transformation of  social structures

Development and transformation  of social structures

Cuba- Nonexistent until 1492.
Nonexistent until 1492.
Haiti- Nonexistent until 1793.
Nonexistent until 1531.
Dominican Republic
- Nonexistent until 1844.
- Nonexistent until 1493.
-  Nonexistent until 1536.
  Nonexistent until 1499.
  Nonexistent until 1494.
Nonexistent until 1498.
Puerto Rico-   Nonexistent until
Sint Martin- Nonexistent until 800.
Curacao- Nonexistent until 1634.

Martinique- 130 CE first Arawaks are believed to have arrived from South America
295 CE declination of the island is pollination for the eruption of Mount Pelee.
400 CE the Arawaks returned and repopulated the island
600 CE Caribs Arrived they exterminated the Arawaks.
Montserrat- Nonexistent until 1493

600 - 1450

Cuba- Nonexistent until 1492.                                                                        
Bahamas- Nonexistent until 1492.
Haiti- Nonexistent until 1793.
Guadelupe-Nonexistent until1531.
Dominican Republic- Nonexistent until 1844.
Dominica- Nonexistent until 1493.
Barbados-  Nonexistent until 1536.
Aruba-  Nonexistent until 1499.
Jamaica-  Nonexistent until 1494.
Grenada- Nonexistent until 1498.
Puerto Rico-   Nonexistent until 1493.
saint Martin- Nonexistent until 1493.
Curaco- Nonexistent until 1634.
Martinique- 600-1450 Caribs continued to populate.
Montserrat- Nonexistent until 1493.

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1450 - 1750

Cuba timeline
Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it as Spanish territory.
1500's Colonised by the Spanish under the leadership of Diego de Velazquez in 1511.
1526: slaves were shipped from africa.
Spanish conquest commences. Diego deVelazquez founds Baracoa and other Spanish settlements.
1526: Beginning of the slave trade from Africa. Bahamas timeline.

Bahamas timeline
1492: Rodrigo de Triana, a sailor on the Pinta, saw land on the  horizon (the Bahamas)
1629: Oct 30, King Charles I gave the Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath.
1771: Mark Catesby had his work: “The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands” printed in London.
Nonexistent until 1793.

1493: Christopher Columbus discovered it on his second trip to the americas. Fist naming it
Santa María de Guadalupe de Extremadura.
1629:  Oct 30, King Charles I gave the Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath.
Dominican Republic:
1492 - Christopher Columbus visits the island, which he names Hispaniola, or "Little Spain".
1496 - Spaniards set up first Spanish colony in Western hemisphere at Santo Domingo.
1697 - Treaty of Ryswick gives western part of Haiti to France and eastern part of Santo Domingo  to Spain.
1493 Columbus visits the island and names it Dominica.
1627 Dominica and other islands were granted by patent to the Earl of Carlisle who was a Proprietor.
1748 Pressure from France led to the Treaty of Aix-La Chapelle which forced the British to give up claims to the islands of the  Patent including Dominica.
1536 - Portuguese explorer Pedro a Campos visits the island.
1627 - Captain Henry Powell lands a party of English settlers who establish a colony, which they then develop as a sugar plantation economy using slaves brought in from Africa.
1639 - Barbados's first parliament, the House of Assembly, holds its first meeting.
1663 - Barbados is made into an English crown possession.
1499:A Spanish Explorer Alonso De Ojeda discovers the island and claims it for Spain.
1636: Aruba is colonised by the Dutch and forms part of the DEutch West India company.
1508: Alonso De Ojeda becomes the first governer.
1494: Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica.
1509: Jamaica became occupied by the spaniards under a license from Columbus' son; most of the Arawak community dies off from exposure to European diseases.
1509: African slaves were brought to work on the sugar plantations.
1655: Taken over by the British.
1670:  Jamaica formally ceded to the British in accordance with the Treaty of Madrid.
1692 - Port Royal, once the busiest trading centre of the British West Indies and infamous for general debauchery, is devastated by an earthquake.
Grenada :
1498 - Christopher Columbus sights the islands, which he names Grenada after the Spanish city.
1650 - French settlers from Martinique establish a colony and found Saint George's, the present capital.

Puerto Rica:
1493 - Voyager Christopher Columbus claims Puerto Rico for Spain.
1508 - Spanish settlement begins; Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon arrives .
1528: French troops attacked the island. 
Sint Martin:
1493: christopher claimed the land for spain but didnt set foot on it.
1648 - The French territory of St. Martin and the Dutch territory of Sint or St. Maarten share the island of St. Martin, divided
Curaco :
1499: discovered by europeans.
1634: The dutch claimed the ABC islands and founded a Dutch settlement, Curaçao's strategic position at the base of the Caribbean was a key to make Curaco an important trading post for the dutch West India Company.
1732 : Congregation Mikvé Israel-Emanuel in Curaçao, consecrated in 1732, draws American Jews for worship or for rites like weddings and bar mitzvahs.
1502: christopher columbus discovered martinique.
1720: Gabriel Mathieu de Cleiu, a French naval officer serving in Martinique in 1720, visited Paris during a break in service. While there, he acquired a coffee tree, which accompanied him on the ship back to Martinique.
1493: discovered by christopher Columbus on his second voyage.

1750 - 1914

cuba timeline
Lord Albemarle and Admiral Sir George Pocock of the British Royal Navy briefly capture Havana.
1763: The Treaty of Paris returns Cuba to Spain.

1868-78: War of independence lasts for ten years between Cuban colonials wanting independence from what they see as unjust rule from Spain. The War ends in a treaty and promise of greater autonomy for Cuba. 
1895-98: Second war of independence led by Cuban nationalist Jose Marti. United States declares war on Spain. 1898: Spain relinquishes all claims to Cuba after military defeat by the U.S
1902: Cuba swears in its first independent president Tomas Estrada Palma. Cuba is still officially under US protection.
1906-09: Cuban President Tomas Estrada resigns and the United States invades and occupies Cuba after a rebellion led by Jose Miguel Gomez.
1912: US forces invade Cuba again to assist in suppressing protests against racial discrimination suffered by black Cubans.
1793Toussaint L'Ouverture, a former slave, joins a Spanish force invading the French colony of Saint-Domingue (now Haiti)
1844-The other half of Hispaniola joins Haiti in declaring independence, as the Dominican Republic.
1915-Woodrow Wilson sends US marines to take control in Haiti after a spate of political assassinations.
1916-Haiti becomes a US protectorate, under the terms of a treaty signed in the previous year.
1934-The US military government is finally withdrawn from Haiti after nineteen years.
1824 - In 1824 Martin De Leon got permission to found a colony on the Guadalupe River at a site once known as Las Sabinals, or Cypress Grove.
1848 - Texas Timeline: On Feb. 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed, ending the War with Mexico and setting the international boundary.
Dominican republic
1844-The other half of Hispaniola joins Haiti in declaring independence, as the Dominican Republic
1882:Ulises Heureaux becomes dictator of the Dominican Republic and retains power until assassinated in 1899.
1763 Dominica was ceded to Britain by the Treaty of Paris. The Royal Proclamation establishes "Government of Grenada" with jurisdiction over Grenada, the Grenadines, St. Vincent, Tobago and Dominica - one Governor and one Legislature for the group.
778 The French repossessed Dominica. The Legislative Assembly continued to function as usual.
1783 The French returned Dominica to Britain by the Treaty of VersailHes.
1831 Full political and social rights granted to free non whites.
1834 Slavery abolished.
1898 Crown Colony Rule is introduced in Dominica with Sir Hesketh Bell as its first Administrator. 
1816: Slaves stage a revolt.
1834: Slavery abolished.
1876:  British proposal for a confederation of Barbados and the Windward Islands triggers bloody riots in Barbados.
  1816 - Island is returned to the Netherlands after coming under British rule during the Napoleonic Wars.
1838 - Slavery abolished.
1865 - The British ruthlessly put down the Morant Bay rebellion, staged by freed slaves in response to acute hardship, and force the local legislature to surrender its powers; Jamaica becomes a crown colony.
1870 - Banana plantations set up as the sugar cane industry declines in the face of competition from European beet sugar.
1884 - New constitution marks the initial revival of local autonomy.
1783 - France cedes Grenada to Britain in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles; African slaves brought in to work on the cotton, sugar and tobacco plantations.
1795 - Abortive rebellion against British rule led by Julien Fedon, an African planter who was inspired by the French Revolution.
1834 - Slavery abolished.
1885-1958 - Grenada acts as administrative headquarters of the British Windward Islands.
Puerto Rico
1898 - Under the Treaty of Paris, Puerto Rico is ceded by the Spanish to the US at the end of the Spanish-American War.
1900 - US Congress institutes civil government in Puerto Rico under the Foraker Act. US maintains strict control over island affairs, prompting demands for more local control.

1914 - Present

cuba timeline
1952: General Batista seizes power of Cuba and oversees a corrupt government in which dissent is brutally suppressed.
1953: Revolutionary Fidel Castro leads a thwarted revolt against the Batista government.
1956: Fidel Castro begins a guerrilla war from his base in the Sierra Maestra in Eastern Cuba.
1958: The US stops military aid to General Batista.
1959: Castro leads guerrilla army of 9000 into Havana, forcing Batista to leave Cuba. Castro becomes prime minister.
1960: All US owned businesses in Cuba are nationalized.
1961: US plan an unsuccessful invasion by Cuban exiles at the Bay of Pigs.
1962: Cuban missile crisis occurs when Castro allows the USSR to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba. The crisis was solved when the USSR agreed to take back the missiles in exchange for the US withdrawing their missiles from Turkey.
1976-81: Cuba sends troops to help Angola's left-wing MPLA withstand attacks by South Africa, FNLA and Unita. Assistance is also given to Ethiopia against attacks from Somalia and Eritrea.
1980: More than 100,000 Cubans flee to the US.
1988: Cuba withdraws its troops from Angola following an agreement with South Africa. 1991: Soviet military advisers leave Cuba following the collapse of the USSR.
1993: The US continues its embargo on Cuba. The US dollar is legalised in Cuba, several state farms are changed into semi-autonomous cooperatives. Cubans are also allowed to own and run very limited small scale businesses for the first time since the revolution.
1998: Pope John Paul II visits Cuba.
2000: Elian returns to Cuba after prolonged court proceedings.

Puerto Rica:

Sint Martin:



Curaco :